The telecommunications in Moldova were an obsolete state monopoly during the Moldovan SSR. In the 1990s, it slowly began to develop new services and in the 2000s telecommunications are seeing increased market value through unexpected sales.
After the break of the Soviet Union, Moldova's telecommunications facilities were very poor and remained like that till 1995 when they were being updated. In 1990 Moldova had an average of 11 telephones per 100 inhabitants, and there were more than 200,000 unfilled orders for telephone installation. In 1994 Moldova installed 23,800 telephone lines, which included public phones with direct international dialing capabilities.
When in 1998 Moldtelecom became a JSC the company began a process of upgrading all telephone and communication lines in the country. In 2000 approx. 435,930 new lines were installed. Overall power of telephone stations increased up to 645,000 numbers. The average number of telephones increased up to 16 telephones per 100 inhabitants. Number of digital telephone stations increased up to 34.6% (4% in 1993).
In 2005 number of telephone lines reached 929,400. Overall power of telephone stations increased up to 950,700 numbers. The average number of telephones increased up to 23 telephones per 100 inhabitants.
The mobile telephone market of Moldova is divided between three GSM (Orange Moldova, Moldcell and Eventis) and two CDMA (Unité and Interdnestrcom) mobile operators. Orange Moldova has launched its network in October 1998, Moldcell in April 2000, Moldtelecom (under the trademark Unité) in March 2007 and Eventis in December 2007.
The number of mobile telephone users in Moldova increased by 47.3 % in the first quarter of 2008 against the last year and exceeded 2 mln 88.6 thousand.
At the beginning of 2007, the number of mobile telephone users was of 1 mln 882.8 thousand. The penetration rate of such services per one hundred inhabitants increased by 19.7 percentage points and approached 61%.
The first million of mobile telephone users was registered in September 2005. A year and a half later the figure amounted to 1.5 mln users. During the first quarter of 2008, mobile telephony service suppliers connected to their network over 205.8 thousand new users, by more than thrice more against first quarter of 2007.
Moldcell connected the most users to its network 103.9 thousand. Overall, as of 1 April 2008, Moldcell had 660.1 thousand users, Orange Moldova had 1 mln 349.5 thousand users, Unite had 66.5 thousand users and Eventis had 12.5 thousand users.
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