As in most post-communist central european countries, the fixed line market in Slovakia was liberalised only recently. Slovak Telecom Inc. (former Slovenské Telekomunikácie, a.s.) has been privatised on July 18, 2000. The 51% package of shares was purchased by the german Deutsche Telecom AG for 1 bln. EUR (more than 44 bln. SKK at that time). The outstanding 49% of the shares are still owned by the slovak goverment through the Department of Transport, Construction and Regional Development of the Slovak Republic (34%) and the National Property Fund (15%). Included in this privatisation contract Deutsche Telecom agreed to provide full digitalisation of the fixed line network by the end of December 2004. Slovak Telecom was rebranded to T-Com in the year 2003. The legal regulation for liberalisation of the Slovak fixed line market was passed in 2002 and became valid by January the 1st 2003, finally allowing competition in the sector of fixed lines.
Currently there are more than 100 companies licenced to provide public telephone service (fixed lines), although many of these do not offer commercial service to wide public. The most notable country-wide providers are T-Com, Orange, Dial Telecom, SWAN or UPC. Several regional providers also operate in the market. Many of these offer triple-play services consisting of a fixed line service, broadband internet access and access to TV programs. The number of triple-play customers has doubled since the service was introduced and currently peaks at 78 049 subscribers (as of 30.6.2010, opposed to 41 734 subscribers by 20.6.2008).
Key figures of the fixed lines sector:
- Total Number of Main Telephone Lines (MTLs): 994 421 (30.6.2010) 
- Density of MTLs: 18,31 per 100 inhabitants (30.6.2010) 
- Percent of MTLs connected to digital exchanges: 100% (30.6.2010) 
- Percent of households with MTLs: 38,97% (30.6.2010) 
Due to strong mobile phone penetration of the slovak market, fixed lines sector decreased in the recent years dramatically. While there have been 1 655 380 fixed lines in use by 1999, their number decreased to currently 994 421 (30.6.2010).
Mobile communication in Slovakia became first available in the early 90's with the first NMT network operator being EuroTel Bratislava, a.s., an subsidiary of the then state owned Slovenské Telekomunikácie a.s. EuroTel introduced the first GSM service to public in 1997. EuroTel was privatised together with it's mother company and was rebranded to T-Mobile on May 3, 2005. It is now fully integrated in the international T-Mobile brand. The second GSM network operator started it's operation on January the 15th 1997 under the name GlobTel a.s. It was aquired by France Telecom (through Atlas Services Belgium, 100% shares) and rebranded to Orange Slovakia on March 27, 2002. Telefónica O2, the third mobile operator in Slovakia, entered the market in February 2007 under the O2 brand.
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