Telecommunications networks in Uzbekistan are largely based on Soviet-built infrastructure but with lots of modern additions making the country one of the leading in the region in terms of informational development.
The current Uzbek telephone system is both antiquated and inadequate. It is in need of improvement to bring it up to modern, international standards.
The main line telecommunications system is dilapidated and telephone density is low. The state-owned telecommunications company, Uzbektelecom, is using loans from the Japanese government and the China Development Bank to improve mainline services. The completion of conversion to digital exchanges is planned for 2010. Mobile services are growing rapidly, with the subscriber base reaching 10.4 million in 2008.
Uzbekistan is linked by fiber-optic cable or microwave radio relay with CIS member states and to other countries by leased connection via the Moscow international gateway switch. After the completion of the Uzbek link to the Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic cable, Uzbekistan plans to establish a fiber-optic connection to Afghanistan.
Currently, Uzbekistan has four AM stations, 12 FM stations, and 3 shortwave stations. Additionally, as of 1997, there are an estimated 10.2 million radios in use in Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan has 28 television broadcast stations. This includes one cable rebroadcaster in Taskent and approximately 20 stations in regional capitals.
There are approximately 2.1 million Internet users and approximately 38,000 Internet hosts in Uzbekistan. The "Uzbek Internet" is sometimes called "Uznet", similar to Runet. The country code (Top level domain) for Uzbekistan is .uz.
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