Computer chess

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Computer chess is computer architecture encompassing hardware and software capable of playing chess autonomously without human guidance. Computer chess occurs as solo entertainment (allowing players to practice and to amuse themselves when no human opponents are available), as aids to chess analysis, for computer chess competitions, and as research to provide insights into human cognition.



Chess-playing computers are now accessible to the average consumer. From the mid-70's to the present day, dedicated chess computers have been available for purchase. There are many chess engines such as Crafty, Fruit and GNU Chess that can be downloaded from the Internet for free. These engines are able to play a game that, when run on an up-to-date personal computer, can defeat most master players under tournament conditions. Top programs such as the closed-source programs Shredder or Fritz or the open source program Stockfish have surpassed even world champion caliber players at blitz and short time controls. As of October 2008, Rybka is top-rated in CCRL,[1] CEGT,[2] CSS,[3] SSDF,[4] and WBEC[5] rating lists and has won many recent official computer chess tournaments such as CCT 8 and 9,[6] 2006 Dutch Open Computer Championship,[7] the 16th IPCCC,[8] and the 15th World Computer Chess Championship. As of December 17, 2010, Houdini is now top-rated chess program on IPON rating list edging out Rybka.[9]

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