Congress, Arizona

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Congress is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,717 at the 2000 census. Congress, a gold-mining ghost town, now serves as a retirement and bedroom community for nearby Wickenburg.



Gold was discovered at Congress in 1884. By 1893, the Santa Fe Railroad passed within three miles of the mine, at Congress Junction. Congress boomed, and remained prosperous until the mid-1930s, when the mines closed. Total gold production at the Congress mine exceeded $8 million, at the then-current price of $20.67 per ounce—or about $400 million, at the 2007 price.[1]

The post office moved to Congress Junction in 1938, where it remains. The community now known as Congress is the old Congress Junction. Little remains at the original townsite. Source:[2]


Congress is located at 34°8′46″N 112°50′48″W / 34.14611°N 112.84667°W / 34.14611; -112.84667 (34.146068, -112.846533).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 37.7 square miles (97.6 km²), of which, 37.6 square miles (97.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.08%) is water.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,717 people, 821 households, and 579 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 45.6 people per square mile (17.6/km²). There were 1,070 housing units at an average density of 28.4/sq mi (11.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.92% White, 0.52% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 1.81% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 7.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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