Constitution of Vermont

related topics
{government, party, election}
{law, state, case}
{school, student, university}
{area, part, region}
{black, white, people}

The Constitution of the State of Vermont is the fundamental body of law of the U.S. State of Vermont. It was adopted in 1793 following Vermont's admission to the Union in 1791 and is largely based upon the 1777 Constitution of Vermont which was ratified at Windsor in the Old Constitution House. At 8,295 words, it is the shortest U.S. state constitution.[1]

The first chapter is a "Declaration of Rights of the Inhabitants of the State of Vermont," was drafted in 1777, and is followed by a "Plan or Frame of Government" outlining the structure of governance with powers distributed between three co-equal branches: executive, legislative and judiciary.

Prior to 1791 Vermont was an independent state, known as the Vermont Republic, governed under the Constitution of the Vermont Republic. The Vermont Constitution was in 1777, and remains, among the most far reaching in guaranteeing personal freedoms and individual rights. It is the first constitution in the New World[citation needed] to prohibit slavery, guarantee universal manhood suffrage regardless of property ownership, and universal free education, a mandate for public funding of primary and secondary education available to all citizens.

The Vermont Republic's constitution's Declaration of Rights of the Inhabitants of the State of Vermont anticipates the United States Bill of Rights by a dozen years.

The Vermont General Assembly has the sole power to propose amendments to the Constitution of Vermont. An amendment must originate in the Senate, where it must receive a two-thirds vote. After passing the Senate, it must also receive a majority vote in the House. Any amendment that passes both Houses, must be repassed by majority votes, after a newly elected legislature is seated; again, first in the Senate, then in the House. The proposed amendment must then be passed by a majority of the state's voters at a referendum. Only every other Senate session may initiate the amendment process. Thus, Senates elected in off-year (i.e. non-Presidential) elections may initiate amendments, but not Senates elected during Presidential elections. (Vermont Constitution, Chapter 2, Section 72)

References

External links

Delegations · Constitution · Culture · Geography · Government · History · Images · People · Politics · Towns · Villages · Visitor Attractions

Full article ▸

related documents
Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution
Wikipedia:Naming conventions (Polish rulers)
Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
United States Secretary of the Treasury
Charter of Kortenberg
North Atlantic Treaty
Specie Payment Resumption Act
Abhorrers
George M. Dallas
List of heads of missions from the United Kingdom
Foreign relations of Nicaragua
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
United States Secretary of War
Maciej Płażyński
Piet de Jong
Foreign relations of Liechtenstein
South Ayrshire
Hallstein Doctrine
Cyrus Griffin
Uppsala County
Västmanland County
Foreign relations of Honduras
Renate Künast
Chicago Times
CRYPTO (conference)
Sipson
Rolf Ekéus
The Canadas
Andy Müller-Maguhn