Conway, Arkansas

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Conway is the county seat of Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States.[1] The population was 43,167 at the 2000 census, and the population was 57,544 according to the 2008 Census estimate; as of 2009, the estimated population is 59,511[2] according to the Census Bureau's 2009 Population Estimates, making Conway the eighth most populous city in Arkansas. It is a principal city of the Little RockNorth Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area which had 675,069 people in 2008. Conway is the second fastest growing city in Arkansas[3] and home to three postsecondary educational institutions, earning it the nickname "The City of Colleges".



The city of Conway was founded by Asa P. Robinson, who came to Conway shortly after the Civil War. Robinson was the chief engineer for the Little Rock-Fort Smith Railroad (now the Union Pacific). Part of his compensation was the deed to a tract of land, one square mile, located near the old settlement of Cadron. When the railroad came through, Robinson deeded a small tract of his land back to the railroad for a depot site. He laid off a town site around the depot and named it Conway Station, in honor of a famous Arkansas family. Conway Station contained two small stores, two saloons, a depot, some temporary housing and a post office.[4]

Conway is the home of former Arkansas Supreme Court Associate Justice James D. Johnson[5], who ran unsuccessful races for governor in 1956 against then fellow Democrat Orval Eugene Faubus[6] and in 1966 against the Republican Winthrop Rockefeller[7]. The conservative Johnson later switched affiliation to the Republican Party but long after the death of his nemesis Rockefeller. Johnson also lost an important race in 1968 for the United States Senate against the incumbent James William Fulbright[8]. His wife, the late Virginia Johnson (d. 2007), ran for governor in 1968, while he was running for senator.[9]

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