Cornell, Illinois

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Cornell is a village in Livingston County, Illinois, United States. The population was 511 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Cornell is located at 40°59′27″N 88°43′47″W / 40.990817°N 88.729832°W / 40.990817; -88.729832.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.7 km²), all of it land.

History

The modern town of Cornell is a blending of two towns founded at almost the same time. Both were attempting to attract a station on the new Fairbury Pontiac and Northwestern Railroad, which eventually became part of the Wabash Railroad. [2] The Town of Cornell was laid out by Walter P. Cornell (3 April 1811- 1895) on 15 June 1871. The adjoining town of Amity was laid out two days later by Willard D. Blake (5 February 1840 – 1 June 1875). [3] Walter Cornell was born in Rhode Island, came to Illinois in 1837, served three years as County Treasurer, and was a director of the railroad. [4] Blake was a farmer who born in LaSalle County, Illinois, who died at the age of thirty-five. Ironically, while the name Cornell was kept by the new town, most of the early businesses were in the Amity part of the platt. Indeed, several early houses built in Cornell were soon moved a few blocks down to the Amity part of the town. Cornell was officially organized as a town in 1873. [5] The Original Town of Cornell was centered on a block of public land, which is today called North Park. Neither Original Town had a railroad ground, but a small triangular “Public Ground” was later added. South Park dates from a later addition to the town. [6] The town soon had several grocery stores, a bank, four churches, a stockyard, a harness shop and a newspaper the Cornell Journal. [7]

Demographics

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 511 people, 205 households, and 142 families residing in the village. The population density was 803.8 people per square mile (308.3/km²). There were 217 housing units at an average density of 341.3/sq mi (130.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.83% White, 0.39% African American, 0.78% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.57% of the population.

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