Coroner

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A coroner or forensics examiner is an official chiefly responsible for investigating deaths, particularly some of those happening under unusual circumstances, and determining the cause of death. Depending on the jurisdiction, the coroner may adjudge the cause him/herself, or act as the presiding officer of a special court (a "coroner's jury"). The office originated in medieval England[1][2] and has been adapted in many countries which have at some time been under the influence of England or the United Kingdom. The additional roles concerning other judicial investigations and the legal and medical qualifications (if any) of the coroner vary significantly between jurisdictions and are described under the entry for each jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions, particularly those with a legal system not originating in the English system, have a medical examiner rather than a coroner.

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Canada

In Canada, two systems exist in investigating all unnatural, sudden, unexpected, unexplained or unattended deaths - coroner or medical examiner.[3] While the name differs, they act in similar capacities as they do not determine civil or criminal responsibility but instead, make and offer recommendations to improve public safety and prevention of death in similar circumstances.

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