County Wicklow

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County Wicklow (Irish: Contae Chill Mhantáin, [ˈkɔnˠt̪ˠeː ˈçɪl̪ʲ ˈwanˠt̪ˠaːnʲ]) is one of the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland and one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland. It is located in the province of Leinster. It was named after the town of Wicklow, which derives from the Old Norse name Víkingalág or Wykynlo. The population of the county is 126,194 according to the 2006 census.[1] Wicklow is the 17th largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and 17th largest in terms of population.[2] It is the fourth largest of Leinster’s 12 counties in size and fifth largest in terms of population.

Contents

History

County Wicklow was the last of the original counties to be established in 1606 from land previously part of County Dublin and County Carlow. Established as a distinct county, it was aimed at controlling local groups such as the O'Byrnes. The Military Road, stretching from Rathfarnham to Aghavannagh crosses the mountains, north to south, was built by the British army to assist them in defeating the rebels still active in the Wicklow Mountains following the failed 1798 rebellion. It provided them with access to an area that had been a hotbed of Irish rebellion for centuries. Several barracks to house the soldiers were built along the route and the Glencree Centre for Peace and Reconciliation was built alongside the remains of barracks there. Battalions of the Irish Army use firing ranges in County Wicklow for tactical exercises, especially the largest one in the Glen of Imaal which was previously used by the British Army prior to independence. The ancient monastery of Glendalough is located in County Wicklow.

Geography

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