Court order

related topics
{law, state, case}
{woman, child, man}

A court order (or court ruling) is an official proclamation by a judge (or panel of judges) that defines the legal relationships between the parties to a hearing, a trial, an appeal or other court proceedings. Such ruling requires or authorizes the carrying out of certain steps by one or more parties to a case. A court order must be signed by a judge; some jurisdiction may require it to be notarized.

The content and provisions of a court order depend on the type of proceeding, the phase of the proceedings in which they are issued, and the procedural[1] and evidentiary[2] rules that govern the proceedings.

An order can be as simple as setting a date for trial or as complex as restructuring contractual relationships by and between many corporations in a multi-jurisdictional dispute. It may be a final order (one that concludes the court action), or an interim order (one during the action). Most orders are written, and are signed by the judge. Some orders, however, are spoken orally by the judge in open court, and are only reduced to writing in the transcript of the proceedings.

Contents

Examples

The following represents a small sampling of matters that are commonly dictated by the terms of a court order:

Full article ▸

related documents
Court
Statutory law
Third Amendment to the United States Constitution
Freedom of information in the United States
Geneva Conventions
Gay panic defense
Laches (equity)
Testimony
Jurist
Defendant
Rules of evidence
Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution
Butler Act
Perjury
Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution
Mabo v Queensland
Answer
Property damage
Fine (penalty)
Controversy
Act of Congress
Customs
Complaint
Nonjudicial punishment
Legal technicality
Louise Arbour
Family Court of Australia
Testilying
John N. Mitchell
Cause of action