related topics
{war, force, army}
{country, population, people}
{government, party, election}
{area, part, region}
{land, century, early}
{city, large, area}
{island, water, area}
{utc_offset, utc_offset_dst, timezone}
{god, call, give}
{church, century, christian}
{water, park, boat}
{language, word, form}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{son, year, death}
{town, population, incorporate}

As of 2005, the total population of Crimea is 1,994,300.

From 1989 to 2001, Crimea's population declined by 396,795 people, representing 16.33% of the 1989 population, despite the return of displaced groups such as Crimean Tatars. From 2001–2005 the population declined by another 39,400 people, representing a decline from 2001 of another 2%.

According to 2001 Ukrainian Census, the population of Crimea was 2,033,700.[30] The ethnic makeup was comprised the following self-reported groups: Russians: 58.32%; Ukrainians: 24.32%; Crimean Tatars: 12.1%; Belarusians: 1.44%; Tatars: 0.54%; Armenians: 0.43%; and Jews: 0.22%.[31]

Other minorities are Black Sea Germans, Romani people, Bulgarians, Poles, Azerbaijanis, Koreans, Greeks and Italians. The number of Crimea Germans was 45,000 in 1941.[32] In 1944, 70,000 Greeks and 14 000 Bulgarians from the Crimea were deported to Central Asia and Siberia,[33] along with 200,000 Crimean Tatars and other nationalities.[34]

Ukrainian is the single official state language countrywide, and is the sole language of government in Ukraine. According to the census mentioned, 77% of Crimean inhabitants named Russian as their native language; 11.4% – Crimean Tatar; and 10.1% – Ukrainian.[35] In Crimea government business is carried out mainly in Russian. Attempts to expand the usage of Ukrainian in education and government affairs have been less successful in Crimea than in other areas of the nation.[36] Another language widely spoken is Crimean Tatar.

Currently two thirds of the migrants into Crimea are from other regions of Ukraine; every 5th migrant is from the former Soviet Union and every 40th from outside of it. Three quarters of those leaving Crimea move to other areas in Ukraine. Every 20th migrates to the West.[35]

Demographic trends

The population of the Crimean peninsula has been consistently falling at a rate of 0.4% per year.[37] This is particularly apparent in both the Russian and Ukrainian ethnic populations, whose growth rate has been falling at the rate of 0.6% and 0.12% annually respectively. In comparison, the overall growth rate of the ethnic Crimean Tatar population has been growing at the rate of 0.9% per annum.[38]

The growing trend in the Crimean Tatar population has been explained by the continual Crimean Tatar repatriation (mainly from Uzbekistan), the high birth rate amongst the resettlers, and the low death rate as few senior citizens have resettled back into their ancestral home.

Full article ▸

related documents
History of Angola
Mughal Empire
History of Moldova
History of Croatia
Foreign relations of Turkey
Hazara people
History of Tajikistan
History of Panama
Foreign relations of Iran
History of Morocco
Palestinian refugees
History of Burundi
History of Eritrea
Golden Horde
Soviet Union
Southern and Northern Dynasties
Indonesian National Revolution
History of Pakistan
Abbasid Caliphate
Idi Amin
History of Romania
Domino theory
History of Bahrain
Ethnic cleansing