Cromwell, Oklahoma

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Cromwell is a town in Seminole County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 265 at the 2000 census.



Cromwell was a wild and wooly town in the early 1920s. The town was said to be full of saloons, brothels and outlaws. On Halloween night, 1924, Cromwell Town Marshal and legendary Old West lawman Bill Tilghman was shot outside of a cafe called "Ma Murphy's", by a corrupt prohibition agent named Wiley Lynn. Tilghman died in the early morning hours of the first of November. Tilghman had been brought in to help bring the town under control. One month later the town of Cromwell was torched, with every brothel, bar, flop house and pool hall allegedly having been burned to the ground by friends of Tilghman. There was no investigation into the massive fire, and Cromwell never recovered its former wild status.


Cromwell is located at 35°21′1″N 96°27′35″W / 35.35028°N 96.45972°W / 35.35028; -96.45972 (35.350195, -96.459700)[3]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 265 people, 97 households, and 77 families residing in the town. The population density was 247.7 people per square mile (95.6/km²). There were 113 housing units at an average density of 105.6/sq mi (40.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 71.70% White, 0.75% African American, 19.25% Native American, 3.02% from other races, and 5.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.02% of the population.

There were 97 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.6% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.08.

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