Cross-quarter day

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A cross-quarter day is a day falling approximately halfway between a solstice and an equinox. These days originated as pagan holidays in Sweden, Norway, Finland, United Kingdom and Ireland,[citation needed] and were revived in modern times as neopagan holidays.[citation needed]

Traditional holidays

In some cultures, the cross-quarter days mark the beginning of each season (see traditional seasons).[citation needed] In others, including the modern United States', the cross-quarter days mark the middle of each season (see astronomical seasons).[citation needed]

Neo-paganism

Together with the solstices and equinoxes (Yule, Ostara, Midsummer, and Mabon), these form the eight solar holidays in the neopagan wheel of the year. They are often celebrated on the evening before the listed date, since traditionally the new day was considered to begin at sunset rather than at midnight.

There are Christian and secular holidays that correspond roughly with each of these four, and some argue that historically they originated as adaptations of the pagan holidays, although the matter is not agreed upon. The corresponding holidays are:

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