Culture of Chile

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The culture of Chile is one of a relatively homogeneous society where historically its geographical isolation and remoteness has played a key role. Since colonial times the Chilean culture has been a mix of Spanish colonial elements and indigenous (i.e. Mapuche) culture.

Traditional Chilean culture is of rural and agrarian origin where horsemen, the Huasos of Central Chile, are the most emblematic symbol. While Chile has a geographically diverse territory the lifestyle of the Central Chile have not been possible everywhere and different customs exists towards the north and south of Chile. To this it must added that while some regions of Chile have very strong indigenous heritage such as Araucanía Region, Easter Island and Arica y Parinacota Region. Some regions lacks indigenous peoples and a few other regions have noteworthy non-Spanish European immigrant heritage. However, the mainstream Chilean culture that emanates from the historical core of central Chile is of predominant Mediterranean / rural criollo and mestizo origin.


National identity

The term Chilenadad describes the Chilean National identity, of course and the character of Chile were written in the 1920s by several authors such as Tancredo Pinochet, Nicolás Palacios of the controversial book La Raza Chilena on the strong Northwestern European origin (the "non-Latinized" Goth and Germanic peoples fled Spain and intermarried with the Mapuche in the late 16th century) of Chilean mestizos, Francisco Antonio Encina, Roberto Hernández and Alberto Cabero. The concept of national identities has been disputed as a form of social construction built from above.

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