Cumberland County, North Carolina

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Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is part of the Fayetteville, North Carolina, Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the population was 302,963. Its county seat is Fayetteville[1].



The county was formed in 1745 from Bladen County. It was named for Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765), captain-general of the British army and victorious commander at the Battle of Culloden.

In 1771 parts of Cumberland County, Johnston County, and Orange County were combined to form Wake County. In July 1784 the western part of Cumberland County became Moore County; the eastern part became Fayette County in honor of the Marquis de la Fayette, but the name Cumberland County was restored three months later. In 1855 the northern part of Cumberland County became Harnett County. Finally, in 1911 parts of Cumberland County and Robeson County were combined to form Hoke County.

Law and government

Cumberland County is a member of the regional Mid-Carolina Council of Governments.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,704.2 km2), of which 653 square miles (1,691.3 km2) is land and 6 square miles (15.5 km2) (0.87%) is water.


The county is divided into eleven townships: Beaver Dam, Black River, Carvers Creek, Cedar Creek, Cross Creek, Eastover, Gray's Creek, Manchester, Pearces Mill, Rockfish, and Seventy-First.

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