Cushing, Oklahoma

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Cushing is a city in Payne County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 8,371 at the 2000 census.

The city was established after the Land Run of 1891 by Billy Rae Little.[3] It was named for Marshall Cushing, private secretary to U.S. Postmaster General John Wanamaker.[3] An oil boom that began in 1912 led to the city's development as a refining center.[3]

Today, Cushing is a major trading hub for crude oil and a famous price settlement point for West Texas Intermediate on the New York Mercantile Exchange.[4]

Contents

History

The area that would become Cushing was part of the Sac and Fox Reservation. With the Land Run of 1891, government trader for the tribe Billy Rae Little built a house, established his claim, and laid out town lots.[3] The town got a post office late that year and was named for Marshall Cushing, private secretary to U.S. Postmaster General John Wanamaker.[3]

In 1902, the Eastern Oklahoma Railway line to Cushing was built. The Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway added service on its own line built in 1903.[3]

Wildcatter Thomas B. Slick started an oil boom on March 17, 1912 when he brought in a gusher east of the town.[3] Oil production became based in nearby Drumright, Oklahoma, and Cushing became a refining center.[3]

Geography

Cushing is located in Payne County, Oklahoma at the intersection of state highways 33 and 18. Its geographic coordinates are 35°58′57″N 96°45′51″W / 35.9825°N 96.76417°W / 35.9825; -96.76417 (35.982628, -96.764171)[5]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.6 square miles (19.8 km²), of which, 7.6 square miles (19.8 km²) is land and 0.13% is water.

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