Custer County, Idaho

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Custer County is a rural mountain county located in the center of the U.S. state of Idaho. Established in 1881, it was named for the General Custer Mine, where gold was discovered five years earlier (shortly after his death at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in eastern Montana). The population was 4,342 at the 2000 census; it is estimated to have fallen to 4,166 by 2007.[1] The county seat is Challis[2]. The center of population of Idaho is located in Custer County, in the city of Stanley.[3]



According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,937 square miles (12,786.8 km2), of which 4,925 square miles (12,755.7 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28.5 km2) (0.23%) is water. The Lost River Range, the state's highest mountains, are located in eastern Custer County. The highest is Borah Peak, the highest natural point in Idaho at 12,662 feet (3859 m). On the western border of the county are Idaho's famous Sawtooth Mountains; the tallest is Thompson Peak in Custer County, above picturesque Redfish Lake. Twenty miles (32 km) east are the White Cloud Mountains, whose tallest is Castle Peak at 11,815 feet (3601 m).

The Salmon River and Big Lost River flow through Custer County.

Adjacent counties

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