Czesław Miłosz

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Czesław Miłosz [ˈt​͡ʂɛswaf|-ˈmiwɔʂ] ( listen) (June 30, 1911 – August 14, 2004) was a Polish poet, prose writer and translator of Lithuanian origin[1][2][3] and subsequent American citizenship[3]. His World War II-era sequence The World, is a collection of 20 "naive" poems. He defected to the West in 1951 and his non-fiction book The Captive Mind (1953) is one of the classics of anti-Stalinism. From 1961 to 1998 he was a professor of Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1980, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.


Life in Europe

Czesław Miłosz was born on June 30, 1911 in the village of Šeteniai/Szetejnie, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kėdainiai district, Kaunas County, Lithuania) on the border between two Lithuanian historical regions of Samogitia and Aukštaitija in central Lithuania. He was a son of Aleksander Miłosz (d.1959), a civil engineer, and Weronika, née Kunat (d.1945), descendant of the Siručiai noble family. Milosz was fluent in Polish, Lithuanian, Russian, English and French.[4] His brother, Andrzej Miłosz (1917–2002), a Polish journalist, translator of literature and of film subtitles into Polish, was a documentary-film producer who created Polish documentaries about his brother.

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