Dąbrowa Górnicza

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Dąbrowa Górnicza [dɔmˈbrɔva ɡurˈnit​͡ʂa] ( listen) is a city in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie in southern Poland, near Katowice. The north-east district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - metropolis with the population of 2 millions. Located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Czarna Przemsza and Biała Przemsza rivers (tributaries of the Vistula).

It is situated in the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999, previously it was in Katowice Voivodeship. Dąbrowa Górnicza is one of the cities of the 2,7 million conurbation - Katowice urban area and within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[1] The population of the city is 128,040 (June 2009).[2]

Contents

History

In the first half of the 18th century Dąbrowa was a small agricultural settlement belonging to the Będzin parish. First mentioned in 1726. According to a census of the Archdiocese of Kraków from 1787 the settlement numbered 184 inhabitants. After the Third Partition of Poland (1795) incorporated into the Prussian province of New Silesia. The Prussians discovered rich deposits of coal here and the first coal mine was established by Friedrich Wilhelm von Reden in 1796. The settlement started to grow in 19th century. The Huta Bankowa steel works, which is still a going concern, was built in Dąbrowa Górnicza in 1834. The 1970s saw the construction of the Huta Katowice steel works, which is nowadays the biggest steel producing plant in Poland, after privatization owned by ArcelorMittal. In the 1970s the town expanded territorially and economically. In 1975 and 1977 the neighboring localities of Strzemieszyce Małe, Strzemieszyce Wielkie, Ząbkowice and others became suburbanized. The population of Dąbrowa Górnicza reached its peak in 1982 with 152,373 inhabitants. In the 1990s all coal mines there had been closed, because of lack of coal. But the oldest part of the town Reden still exists.

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