DKW

related topics
{car, race, vehicle}
{ship, engine, design}
{company, market, business}
{@card@, make, design}
{game, team, player}

Dampf-Kraft-Wagen (German: steam-driven car) or DKW is a historic car and motorcycle marque. In 1916, the Danish engineer Jørgen Skafte Rasmussen founded a factory in Saxony, Germany, to produce steam fittings. In the same year, he attempted to produce a steam-driven car, called the DKW. Although unsuccessful, he made a two-stroke toy engine in 1919, called Des Knaben Wunsch — "the boy's desire". He also put a slightly modified version of this engine into a motorcycle and called it Das Kleine Wunder — "the little marvel". This was the real beginning of the DKW brand: by the 1930s, DKW was the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer.

In 1932, DKW merged with Audi, Horch and Wanderer, to form the Auto Union. Auto Union came under Daimler-Benz ownership in 1957, and was then purchased by the Volkswagen Group in 1964. The last DKW car was the F102 which ceased production in 1966; after this the brand was phased out.

Contents

Automobiles made before WWII

DKW cars were made from 1928 until 1966. They always used two-stroke engines and, from 1931, the company was a pioneer in front-wheel drive and transverse mounting. The most well-known cars made before World War II, bearing model names F1 through F8 (F for Front), had front-wheel drive and a transversely mounted two-cylinder engine. Displacement was 600 or 700 cc, power was 18 to 20 hp (15 kW). These models also featured an innovation with a generator that doubled up as a self-starter, which was mounted directly on the crankshaft. This was known as a Dynastart.

They also produced a less well-known series of rear-wheel drive cars called Schwebeklasse and Sonderklasse with V4 two-stroke engines. Displacement of this engine was 1000 cc, later 1100 cc. These engines had two extra cylinders for forced induction, so they really appeared like V6es but without sparkplugs on the front cylinder pair.

Full article ▸

related documents
Speed skating
AvtoVAZ
Ford Mustang
Subaru Forester
Diesel multiple unit
International Formula 3000
Mazda
Thoroughbred horse race
Ironman Triathlon
Jeep
Track cycling
Shinkansen
Lincoln (automobile)
Dakar Rally
Sport utility vehicle
Nationwide Series
Rack railway
List of NASCAR drivers
Tandem bicycle
Broad gauge
Velodrome
Rail transport modelling
DAF Trucks
Bugatti
Bobsleigh
Truck
Karl Benz
Road transport
Porsche 924
Ferrari