Dalton, New Hampshire

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Dalton is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 927 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 1,025.[1] It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.



Dalton was incorporated in 1764 under the name Chiswick, named for the Duke of Devonshire's castle. The name was changed to Apthorp in 1770, after the Apthorp family. The name Dalton was chosen in 1784, in honor of Tristram Dalton.[citation needed]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.3 square miles (73 km2), of which 27.5 sq mi (71 km2) is land and 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2) is water, comprising 2.72% of the town. The town's highest point is the summit of Dalton Mountain, at 2,146 feet (654 m) above sea level. The town includes the hamlet of Cushman, which is located on the Connecticut River, opposite Gilman, Vermont. Dalton lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.[2]

Approximately 82% of the town's land—14,390 acres (58.2 km2) out of a total land area of 17,624 acres (71.3 km2)—is undeveloped farm land, forest land or unproductive land enrolled in the state's current use program.[3] The 14,390 acres (58.2 km2) of undeveloped land enrolled in current use is owned by 200 property owners, resulting in an average parcel size of 71.95 acres (291,200 m2) per current use owner. According to the town's property ownership records (available from the town clerk at town hall, 741 Dalton Road, Dalton, NH), the town's largest landowner, together with family members, owns in excess of 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) of land.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 927 people, 374 households, and 253 families residing in the town. The population density was 33.7 people per square mile (13.0/km²). There were 520 housing units at an average density of 18.9/sq mi (7.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.76% White, 0.76% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.

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