Darius I of Persia

related topics
{god, call, give}
{war, force, army}
{son, year, death}
{city, large, area}
{country, population, people}
{build, building, house}
{rate, high, increase}
{land, century, early}
{island, water, area}
{@card@, make, design}
{town, population, incorporate}

Darius I (Old Persian Dārayavahuš, Persian: ‏داریوش‎, Daryūsh), known as Darius the Great, was the third "king of kings" (emperor) of the Achaemenid Empire. Darius held the empire at its peak, then including Egypt, Balochistan, and parts of Greece. The decay and downfall of the empire commenced with his death and the coronation of his son, Xerxes I.[1]

Darius ascended the throne by assassinating the alleged usurper Bardiya with the assistance of six other Persian noble families; Darius was crowned the following morning. The new emperor met with rebellions throughout his kingdom, and quelled them each time. A major event in Darius's life was his expedition to punish Athens and Eretria for their aid in the Ionian Revolt and subjugate Greece. Darius expanded his empire by conquering Thrace and Macedon, and invading the Saka, Iranian tribes who had invaded Media and had previously killed Cyrus the Great. [2]

Darius organized the empire, by dividing it into provinces and placing satraps to govern it. He organized a new uniform monetary system, along with making Aramaic the official language of the empire. Darius also worked on construction projects throughout the empire, focusing on Susa, Pasargadae, Persepolis, Babylon, and Egypt. Darius created a codification of laws for Egypt. He also carved the cliff-face Behistun Inscription, an autobiography of great modern linguistic significance.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Battle of Mons Badonicus
Osman I
Elendil
Turnus
Man (Middle-earth)
Speech to the Troops at Tilbury
Al-Mansur
In Flanders Fields
Aman
Wizard and Glass
Iobates
Teucer
Deiphobus
Fellowship of the Ring (characters)
Boeotia
Rahab
The Wasp Factory
Oa
Oenone
Danaë
Aethra (Greek mythology)
Ahab
Polyxena
Hecuba
Telamon
Phineas
Mezentius
Cinyras
Genua
Rhadamanthus