Dawson County, Texas

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Dawson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 14,985. It is named for Nicholas Mosby Dawson, a soldier of the Texas Revolution. The seat of the county is Lamesa. [1]. It was founded in 1876.



In 1943, the discovery well for the Spraberry Trend, the third-largest oil field in the United States by remaining reserves,[2] was drilled in Dawson County on land owned by farmer Abner Spraberry, for whom the geological formation and associated field was named. While most of the oil fields are in the counties to the south, a small portion of the Spraberry Trend is in Dawson County. Production on the field did not begin until 1949, and by 1951 an oil boom was underway in the area, with Midland at its center.[3]

J.E. Airhart, a former 30-year member of the Dawson County Commissioners Court, died in 2007. Airhart, a farmer and rancher who served as a county commissioner from 1955-1985, worked to obtain the county livestock and fair barn, the county general aviation airport, and numerous highway improvements. He was instrumental in the successful negotiation of rights-of-way for U.S. Highway 87 north to O'Donnell and south to Ackerly. Like all Texas counties, Dawson County has four commissioners chosen by single-member district and a countywide elected county judge, the chief administrator of the county.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,336.2 km2), virtually all of which is land.

Major highways

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