Deaf Smith County, Texas

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Deaf Smith County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. Mainly made up of farm land, its county seat is Hereford, known as the "Beef Capitol of the World", Hereford, TX. As of the 2000 census, the population was 18,561. [1].

The Hereford Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Deaf Smith County.



In 1876 the state legislature identified and named the county, but it was not organized until 1890, with the town of LaPlata as the original county seat. The county was named for Erastus "Deaf" Smith (1787–1837), a partially-deaf scout and soldier who served in the Texas Revolution. The pronunciation of "Deaf", like that of Smith himself, is "Deef". He was the first to reach the Alamo after its fall. Most people in Deaf Smith County, however, pronounce it "Deaf."

This county was also selected as an alternate site for a possible nuclear waste disposal repository but was later dropped. Jesse Frank Ford, founder of Arrowhead Mills, led the opposition to the Deaf Smith site on grounds of contamination of the Ogallala Aquifer, the source of much of the water supply for West Texas.

Deaf Smith County has been ranked the 9th best place for less affluent Texans to live, according to Texas Home Quarterly.[citation needed]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,880 square kilometers (1,498 sq mi). 3,878 km2 (1,497 sq mi) of it is land and 2 km2 (1 sq mi) of it (0.06%) is water.

Major highways

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