Delaware Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey

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Delaware Township is a Township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. Part of the township is on the Hunterdon Plateau, while the souther portions are in the Amwell Valley. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was recorded as 4,478. The historic community of Sergeantsville is located within Delaware Township, as is the unincorporated area of Raven Rock. Other villages are Croton, Locktown, Sand Brook, and Rosemont.

Delaware was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 2, 1838, from a portion of a larger municipality then known as Amwell Township (now defunct). Historian and cartographer John P. Snyder has erroneously stated that a referendum was held on that date, but there was in fact no referendum and the people of Amwell knew nothing about the division until after the Legislature passed the bill.[6][7] A portion of the township was taken to form Stockton borough (April 14, 1898).

The township was first settled in the early 18th century by Colonel John Reading (1657-1717), who was instrumental in the creation of Amwell Township in 1708 and also worked for the creation of Hunterdon County in 1714.

The Township of Delaware lies along the Delaware River, which forms the southwestern boundary of Hunterdon County. The Delaware and Raritan Canal parallels the Delaware River along the southern border of the township. The sole remaining historic covered bridge (abutments constructed in 1750; bridge built in 1872) in New Jersey crosses the Wickecheoke Creek between Sergeantsville and Rosemont.[8]

The Township retains much of its rural heritage. Rolling fields and picturesque barns belong to farms that have changed little in the last two hundred years, but it has not been immune to growth. Newly created lots along the road frontage and some small developments have changed the feel of the Township. The village of Sergeantsville is the center of the township, containing the (K-8) elementary school, the Post Office, and the Town Hall. The community was first settled by a Mr. Thatcher about 1740 and was later named for Charles Sergeant, an American Revolutionary War soldier. A tradition in the Township is Sergeantsville's "Thanksgiving in the Country" house tour. Each year participants tour four or five different homes that have historical, architectural or cultural qualities, and proceeds from this fundraising event benefit the Facial Reconstruction Unit of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.[8]

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