Demeter

related topics
{god, call, give}
{food, make, wine}
{son, year, death}
{island, water, area}
{day, year, event}
{woman, child, man}
{car, race, vehicle}
{rate, high, increase}

In Greek mythology, Demeter (Attic Δημήτηρ Dēmētēr. Doric Δαμάτηρ Dāmātēr) was the goddess of the harvest, who presided over grains, the fertility of the earth, and the seasons (personified by the Hours). One of her surnames is Sito (σίτος: wheat) as the giver of food or corn.[1] Though Demeter is often described simply as the goddess of the harvest, she presided also over the sanctity of marriage, the sacred law, and the cycle of life and death. She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that predated the Olympian pantheon. In the Linear B (Mycenean Greek) tablets found at Pylos, the "two mistresses and the king" are identified with Demeter, Persephone and Poseidon.[2] Her Roman equivalent is Ceres.

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Etymology

The earliest attested name of Demeter written in Linear B (Mycenean Greek) is Da-ma-te. Her character as mother-goddess is identified in the second element of her name meter (μήτηρ) derived from PIE "mater" (mother).[3] Many scholars assert that the first element of her name Da (Δα) (which became Attic De (Δη)) , is the Doric form of Ge (γή), the old name of the earth-goddess,therefore she is "mother earth",but this is debated.[4] Some others connect De with Deo, a surname of Demeter [5] probably derived from the Cretan word deai (δηαί), Ionic zeai (ζηαί) meaning "barley" ,so that she is the mother or giver of food generally.[6][7]

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