Demographics of Angola

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Angola, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The demographics of Angola consist of three main ethnic groups, each speaking a Bantu language: Southern Mbundu 37%, (Northern) Mbundu 25%, and Kongo 13%. Other groups include Chokwe (or Lunda), Ganguela, Nhaneca-Humbe, Ambo, Herero, and Xindunga. In addition, mixed race (European and African) people amount to about 2%, with a small (1%) population of whites, mainly ethnically Portuguese. As a former overseas territory of Portugal (until 1975), the Portuguese make up the largest non-African population, with more than 100,000[1] (though many other native-born Angolans can claim Portuguese nationality under Portuguese law). From the 2000s many Chinese have settled and started up businesses.[2]

In 1975, 250,000 Cuban soldiers arrived in Angola to help the MPLA forces during the civil war. The largest denomination is Roman Catholicism, but there are also followers of Protestantism, increasingly Pentecostal communities, and African Initiated Churches. As of 2006, one out of 221 people were Jehovah's Witnesses. Blacks from Mali, Nigeria, and Senegal are mostly Muslims. By now few Angolans retain African Traditional Religion following different ethnic faiths.

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