Demographics of Ecuador

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Spanish, English and 2 indigenous linguistic groups of Amerindian languages.

The Demographics of Ecuador are very diverse, comprising many races and ethnic groups. In general, Ecuadorians trace their origins from four sources of migration: Amerindians, Europeans, Africans and Asians.

Mestizos or Mixed blood Indigenous (those of mixed Amerindian and Spanish ancestry) are by far the largest of all the ethnic groups, constituting over 65 per cent of the current population. In second place are the Amerindians, who account for approximately a quarter of the population. The whites/Caucasians are mainly criollos, unmixed descendants of Spanish colonists, and account for 7 percent of the Ecuadorian population. There had been waves of immigration from Palestine, Italy, Germany, France and other European countries. The Afro-Ecuadorian community, including mulattos and zambos, constitutes the remaining 3 percent.


Migration trends

In recent decades, there has been high emigration due to the economic crisis that plagued the country during the 1990s after the war with Peru and the corrupt political machine. Consequently, over 400,000 Ecuadorians each live in Spain and Italy, and around 100,000 in the United Kingdom (Ecuadorian Britons) while several hundred thousand Ecuadorians live in the US, (450,000 by some estimates) mostly in the city of New York and the state of New Jersey. Other Ecuadorians have emigrated across Latin America, tens of thousands have gone to Japan and to Australia. One famous American of Ecuadorian (see Ecuadorian American) descent is pop music vocalist Christina Aguilera.

Ecuador has seen increased immigration from the Middle East, Asia (especially China and Japan), North America and Europe. In Ecuador live about 100,000 American and 30,000 European Union expatriates. They move to Ecuador for business opportunities and a cheaper place for retirement. There are other ethnicities involved in Ecuadorian culture of East Asian, Indian/South Asian and Eastern European origin.

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