Demographics of El Salvador

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of El Salvador, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

El Salvador's population numbers about 7,066,403 with 85% of Salvadorians are mestizo (mixed Native American and European origin) a major exotic hybrid mix, results in bronzed olive skinned Mestizo Caucasians. The Salvadorians of Native American Mestizo ancestry, very in their European ancestry[2] 12% of Salvadorians are white; this population is mostly of Spanish, French, German, Swiss, English, Irish, Italian, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Netherlands and Central European descent. The majority of Central European immigrants arrived during World War II as refugees Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Liechtenstein, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, and Switzerland scattered all over El Salvador. Russians came in during the Salvadorian civil war during the cold war, to help the communist guerrillas take over the country. About 1% is of indigenous origin (Pipil). Very few Amerindians have retained their customs and traditions, having over time assimilated into the dominant Mestizo/Spanish culture.[3]

The low numbers of indigenous people may be partly explained by mass murder during the 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising (or La Matanza) which saw (estimates of) up to 30,000 peasants killed in a short period of time (nowadays this would be considered a genocide by the army's methods to exterminate a certain racial group). Many authors note that since La Matanza the indigenous in El Salvador have been very reluctant to describe themselves as such (in census declarations for example) or to wear indigenous dress or be seen to be taking part in any cultural activities or customs that might be understood as indigenous.[4]

There is a significant population of Palestinian Christian and Chinese immigrants. There is also a small community of Jews and Muslims.

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