Demographics of Georgia (country)

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The Demographics of Georgia is about the demographic features of the population of Georgia, including population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.


Demographic trends

The demographic situation in Georgia, like that of some other former Soviet republics (especially Estonia and Latvia), has been characterized by two prominent features since independence: decline in total population and significant "Georgianization" of the ethnic composition. The proportion of ethnic Georgians increased by full 10 percentage points between 1989 and 2002, rising from 73.7% to 83.7% of the population.[1] The population grew steadily while Georgia was part of the Soviet Union and during the first years of independence, rising from less than 4 million in the 1950s to a peak of 5.5 million in 1992.[2] Then the trend changed and the population began to decline, dropping to 4.5 million in 2005 according to the estimates by the Georgian Department of Statistics.[3] This figure represents the total population, including the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, whose population in 2005 was estimated at 178,000 and 49,200, respectively. Without Abkhazia and South Osetia, the population in the regions controlled by the central government of Georgia was 4,321,500 in 2005 and 4,382,100 in 2008[4] (compare the 2008 figure with the CIA estimate of 4,630,841 for all of Georgia, including Abkhazia and South Osetia[5]). As a portion of the population, Georgia was named as largest emigration countries in the world in the 2007 World Bank report. The 2002 population census in Georgia revealed a net migration loss of 1.1 million persons, or 20% of the population, since the early 90s.[6]

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook[5]

Population: 4,615,807 (July 2009 est.)

Age structure:

  • 0–14 years: 16.1% (male 395,929/female 345,071)
  • 15–64 years: 67.6% (male 1,503,360/female 1,616,234)
  • 65 years and over: 16.4% (male 302,103/female 453,110) (2009 est.)

Median age:

  • total: 38.6 years
  • male: 36.1 years
  • female: 41 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate: -0.325% (2009 est.)

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