Demographics of Mali

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Mali, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.


Population structure

In July 2007, Mali's population was an estimated 12.0 million, with an annual growth rate of 2.7%.[1] The population is predominantly rural (68% in 2002), and 5–10% of Malians are nomadic.[2] More than 90% of the population lives in the southern part of the country, especially in Bamako, which has over 1 million residents.[2]

In 2007, about 48% of Malians were less than 15 years old, 49% were 15–64 years old, and 3% were 65 and older.[1] The median age was 15.9 years.[1] The birth rate in 2007 was 49.6 births per 1,000, and the total fertility rate was 7.4 children per woman.[1] The death rate in 2007 was 16.5 deaths per 1,000.[1] Life expectancy at birth was 49.5 years total (47.6 for males and 51.5 for females).[1] Mali has one of the world's highest rates of infant mortality,[2] with 106 deaths per 1,000 live births.[1]

Total Fertility Rate

  • 7.4 children born/woman (2007 est.)
  • 6.54 children born/woman (2010 est.)

Immigration and emigration

Mali had an estimated net migration rate of –6.6 migrants per 1,000 people in 2006.[3] About 3 million Malians are believed to reside in Côte d’Ivoire and France. Conversely, according to a 2003 estimate, Mali hosts about 11,000 Mauritanians; most are Fulani herders who routinely engage in cross-border migration. In addition, there are several thousand refugees from Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, and Liberia in Bamako and other urban areas of Mali. [2]

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