Demographics of Mozambique

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Mozambique, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The demographics of Mozambique describes the condition and overview of Mozambique's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations.


Ethnic groups

Mozambique's major ethnic groups encompass numerous subgroups with diverse languages, dialects, cultures, and histories. Many are linked to similar ethnic groups living in inland countries. The estimated 4 million Makua are the dominant group in the northern part of the country — the Sena and Shona (mostly Ndau) are prominent in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (Tsonga) dominate in southern Mozambique. Other groups include Makonde, Yao, Swahili, Tonga, Chopi, and Nguni (including Zulu). The country has also a small number of European descent residents of Portuguese ancestry. During Portuguese colonial rule, a large minority of Portuguese settlers lived permanently in almost all areas of Mozambique, and Mozambicans with Portuguese blood at the time of independence was about 360,000. Most of these left the region after its independence in 1975, returning to Portugal where they were called retornados. There is also a small mestiço minority of Mozambicans with mixed Bantu and Portuguese heritage. The remaining Caucasians in Mozambique claim heritage from India, Pakistan, Portuguese India and Arab countries.[citation needed] There are various estimates for the size of Mozambique's Chinese community, ranging from 1,500 to 12,000 as of 2007.[1][2]

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