This article is about the demographic features of the population of Saint Helena, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Saint Helena has a small population of a few thousand inhabitants, mainly descended from British settlers, East India Company employees and indentured labourers from the South Asian sub-Continent, East Indies, Madagascar and China.
The language spoken in St. Helena is English.
CIA World Factbook demographic statistics
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
According to a 2005 estimate, the St. Helenian population is 3,800. By 2000 estimates, per one thousand population: the birth rate is 13.73 births, the death rate is 6.1 deaths, and the rate of net migration is zero. In the same year, it was estimated that the rate of population growth was 0.76%.
The estimated infant mortality rate for 2000 was 23.23 deaths per 1,000 live births, with 1.53 children born per woman at that time. In 2000, it was also estimated that the life expectancy at birth for the entire population was 76.83 years, 73.95 years for male children, and 79.85 for female children.
The following tables describe age structure and human sex ratio, as estimated in 2000.
Ascension Island has no native inhabitants officially. A transient population of approximately 3,000 live on the Island, made up mainly of members of the American and British militaries, supporting civilian contractors who serve on the joint Anglo-American airbase, and members of their families (a few of whom were born on the island).
Tristan da Cunha has a population of about three hundred inhabitants of mainly British and Italian descent.
(Note, the 2009 CIA Factbook shows a total population for Saint Helena, Ascension Island, and the Tristan da Cunha island group of 7637.)
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