Demographics of Togo

related topics
{country, population, people}
{rate, high, increase}
{household, population, female}
{line, north, south}
{woman, child, man}
{school, student, university}

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Togo, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Togo's population of 5.86 million people (2008 est.) is composed of about 21 ethnic groups. The two major groups are the Ewe in the South and the Kabye in the North. Other groups include the Akposso on the Central Plateau, the Bassar in the Center-West, the Cotocoli, the Tchamba and the Komkombas around Sokodé, the Lambas in the Kante region, the Haoussas and the Mossis farther in the North. Among the others groups can be found the Tamberma, the Guin, the Losso, the Ouachi and the Gourma.

Population distribution is very uneven due to soil and terrain variations. The population is generally concentrated in the south and along the major north-south highway connecting the coast to the Sahel. Age distribution also is uneven; nearly one-half of the Togolese are less than 15 years of age. The ethnic groups of the coastal region, particularly the Ewes (about 21% of the population), constitute the bulk of the civil servants, professionals, and merchants, due in part to the former colonial administrations which provided greater infrastructure development in the south. The Kabye (12% of the population) live on marginal land and traditionally have emigrated south from their home area in the Kara region to seek employment. Their historical means of social advancement has been through the military and law enforcement forces, and they continue to dominate these services.

Most of the southern peoples use the Ewe or Mina languages, which are closely related and spoken in commercial sectors throughout Togo. French, the official language, is used in administration and documentation. The public primary schools combine French with Ewe or Kabye as languages of instruction, depending on the region. English is spoken in neighboring Ghana and is taught in Togolese secondary schools. As a result, many Togolese, especially in the south and along the Ghana border, speak some English.


Full article ▸

related documents
Demographics of Malawi
Demographics of Kenya
Demographics of Burma
Demographics of Thailand
Demographics of Benin
Demographics of Cape Verde
Demographics of Malta
Demographics of Qatar
Demographics of Italy
Demographics of Belarus
Demographics of Rwanda
Demographics of Kazakhstan
Demographics of Bolivia
Demographics of Mali
Demographics of Jordan
Demographics of Slovakia
Demographics of Nigeria
Demographics of Angola
Demographics of Uganda
Demographics of Tunisia
North Ossetia-Alania
Demographics of Algeria
Demographics of Cuba
Wallis and Futuna
Demographics of Venezuela