Dijon

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Dijon

Coordinates: 47°17′26″N 5°02′34″E / 47.2906°N 5.0428°E / 47.2906; 5.0428


Dijon (French pronunciation: [diʒɔ̃]  ( listen)) is a city in eastern France, the capital of the Côte-d'Or département and of the Burgundy region. Dijon is the historical capital of the province of Burgundy. Population (2007): 155,340 within the city limits; 250,516 for the greater Dijon area.

Contents

History

Dijon began as a Roman settlement called Divio, located on the road from Lyon to Paris. Saint Benignus, the city's patron saint, is said to have introduced Christianity to the area before being martyred. This province was home to the Dukes of Burgundy from the early 11th until the late 15th centuries and Dijon was a place of tremendous wealth and power and one of the great European centres of art, learning and science. It was occupied by Nazi Germany between June 1940 and 11 September 1944, when it was liberated by joint French/UK/U.S. forces.[2]

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