The Dinka, or Jieng/Muonyjang, are a Nilotic ethnic group in the south of Sudan.
The supreme, creator god is Nhialic (also Jaak, Juong, Dyokin other Nilotic groups such as the Nuer and Shilluk); he is present in all of creation, and controls the destinies of every human, plant and animal on Earth. The term "Jok" also refers to a group of ancestral spirits. Nhialic is the god of the sky and rain, and the ruler of all the spirits.
Dengdit or Deng, is the sky god of rain and fertility, empowered by Nhialic who is the supreme being of all gods. Deng's mother is Abuk, the patron goddess of gardening and all women, represented by a snake. Garang is believed or assumed by some Dinka as the suppressed god below Deng, whose spirits can cause most Dinka women, and some men, to scream.
In Southern Sudan, Cɔllɔ still believe in Spiritualism according to what Nyikango and earliest ancestors have taught them. Some of Nuer and Dinka also believe in Ngundeng and Dengdit's teaching.
On the other hand, the Dinka people respect African puff adders because of divinities found in the snakes. The commonly respected snakes are Atemyath, Biar keroor, and Maluang. These snakes are given local made molten cheese made from the cow to make them happy and appeased, after which they are released into the forest. In fact, killing these snakes is believed to cause bad omens for the community or the individual, with the assumption that the spirits may strike the killer.
The word yath in Dinka implies respect for objects of divine qualities the object of worship. In Dinka Bor, for instance, Atemyath is a widely held belief of the Tich section. Moreover, some of the snakes' names are derived from their influences on some sections. The shrines are mostly for ritual sacrifices and are known as Luek ke yath. Some Luek remains are found in the heartland south of Wangklei, which were probably ruined during the war and the coming of Christianity. However, the Dinka people's belief in snakes can be linked to snakes' divinity derived from the Abuk goddess, represented by snake.
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