Dome of the Rock

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The Dome of the Rock (Arabic: مسجد قبة الصخرة‎, translit.: Masjid Qubbat As-Sakhrah, Hebrew: כיפת הסלע‎, translit.: Kipat Hasela) is an Islamic shrine also known as "Bait-ul-Muqaddas (Noble Sanctuary)", a major landmark located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. The site's significance stems from the religious beliefs regarding the rock, known as the Foundation Stone, at its heart.

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Location, construction and dimensions

The Dome of the Rock is located at the visual center of a platform known as the Temple Mount. It was constructed on the site of the Second Jewish Temple,[citation needed] which was destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE. In 637 CE, Jerusalem was conquered by the Rashidun Caliphate army during the Muslim conquest of Syria.

The Dome of the Rock was erected between 689 and 691 CE. The names of the two engineers in charge of the project are given as: Yazid Ibn Salam from Jerusalem and Raja Ibn Haywah from Baysan. Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan who initiated construction of the Dome, hoped that it would “house the Muslims from cold and heat”[1] and intended the building to serve as a shrine for pilgrims and not as a mosque for public worship.[2]

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