Dortmund

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Dortmund [ˈdɔɐ̯tmʊnt]  ( listen) is a city in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Its population of 587,830 (in June 2005) makes it the 8th largest city in Germany and the 34th largest in the European Union.

The Ruhr river flows south of the city, and the small river Emscher flows through the municipal area. The Dortmund-Ems Canal also terminates in the Dortmund Port, which is the largest European canal port, and links Dortmund to the North Sea.

Dortmund is known as Westphalia's "green metropolis." Nearly half the municipal territory consists of waterways, woodland, agriculture and green spaces with spacious parks such as Westfalenpark and the Rombergpark. This contrasts with nearly a hundred years of extensive coal mining and steel milling within the city limits.

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History

A small village at the location of Dortmund was mentioned in official documents from 880 to 885 as Throtmanni. After it was destroyed by a fire, the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa) had the town rebuilt in 1152 and resided there for two years. It became an Imperial Free City in 1220. During that century, it was the "chief city" of the Rhine, Westphalia, the Netherlands Circle of the Hanseatic League.

Dortmund nations:
ca. 1250: Hanseatic League
1532: Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle
1803: Principality of Nassau-Orange-Fulda
1806: French occupation
1808: Grand Duchy of Berg
1815: Kingdom of Prussia
1918: Weimar Republic
1933: Nazi Germany
1945: British Zone of Allied-occupied Germany
1949: West Germany
1990: Germany

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