Dragon (Middle-earth)

related topics
{god, call, give}
{specie, animal, plant}
{game, team, player}
{war, force, army}
{ship, engine, design}
{island, water, area}
{area, part, region}
{film, series, show}
{law, state, case}
{land, century, early}

J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium features dragons closely based on those of European legend.

Besides dragon (derived from French), Tolkien variously used the terms drake (the original English term, from Old English draca, in turn from Latin draco) and worm (from Old English wyrm, "serpent", "dragon").[1]

Contents

History

The dragons were created by Morgoth during the First Age, when Glaurung, the first dragon, appears. Tolkien's dragons are capable of breeding on their own, and in later ages the Withered Heath is purportedly their spawning ground.

Taxonomy

Tolkien designed his own taxonomic system for dragons, based on locomotion and fire-breathing.

Some dragons (Glaurung) walk on four legs, like Komodo dragons or other lizards. Other dragons (Ancalagon, Smaug) can both walk on four legs and fly using wings. Winged dragons are first witnessed during the War of Wrath, the battle that ended the First Age.

Dragons who can breathe fire were called Urulóki (singular Urulokë), "Fire-drakes". It is not entirely clear whether the term "Urulóki" referred only to the first dragons such as Glaurung that could breathe fire but were wingless, or to any dragon that could breathe fire, and thus include Smaug. In Appendix A of The Lord of the Rings Tolkien mentions a "Cold-drake". It is commonly assumed, though not directly stated, that this term indicates a dragon which cannot breathe fire, rather than one who breathes ice or snow like the White Dragons of Dungeons & Dragons. Further, Tolkien calls a fire-breathing dragon in the non-Middle-earth story Farmer Giles of Ham a "hot" one.

Full article ▸

related documents
Garuda
Haoma
Titan (mythology)
Cyclops
Hestia
Cernunnos
Helios
Ancient Egyptian religion
Amitābha
Mut
Cabeiri
Rhea (mythology)
Castor and Pollux
Cthulhu
Avatar
Amalek
Melqart
Pan (mythology)
Hesiod
Proteus
Bharadwaja
Son of God
Drow (Dungeons & Dragons)
Hathor
Angra Mainyu
Britomartis
Corinthian (comics)
Manna
Hobbit
Aegis