Duchy of Carinthia

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The Duchy of Carinthia (German: Herzogtum Kärnten; Slovene: Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia. It was separated from Bavaria in 976, then the first newly created Imperial State beside the original German stem duchies.

Carinthia remained a part of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until 1918. By the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain the main area of the duchy formed the Austrian state of Carinthia, a small southeastern part (the present-day region of Slovenian Carinthia) was included into the newly created Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, while the southwestern Canal Valley (Val Canale) was ceded to the Kingdom of Italy.

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Carantania and medieval dynasties

In the 7th century the area was part of the Slavic principality of Carantania, which about 743 fell under the suzerainty of Duke Odilo of Bavaria. The Bavarian stem duchy was finally incorporated into the Carolingian Empire, when Charlemagne deposed Odilo's son Duke Tassilo III in 788. In the course of the 843 partition by the Treaty of Verdun, Carinthia became part of East Francia under King Louis the German. From 889 to 976 it was the Carinthian March of the renewed Bavarian duchy, though in 927 the local Count Berthold of the Luitpolding dynasty was already vested with ducal rights by the German king Henry the Fowler. After Berthold became Duke of Bavaria in 938, both territories were ruled by him. Upon his death in 948 the Luitpoldings, though dedicated liensmen of the royal Ottonian dynasty, were not able to retain their possessions, as King Otto I enfeoffed his younger brother Henry I with the Bavarian lands.

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