Duke of Marlborough

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Duke of Marlborough (named after the place Marlborough, (play /ˈmɔːlbrə/ (MAWL-brə)), is a hereditary title in the Peerage of England. The first holder of the title was John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650–1722), the noted English general, and indeed an unqualified reference to the Duke of Marlborough in a historical text will almost certainly refer to him.



The dukedom was created in 1702 by Queen Anne; John Churchill, whose wife was a favourite of the queen, had earlier been made Lord Churchill of Eyemouth in the Scottish peerage (1682), which became extinct with his death, and Earl of Marlborough (1689) by King William III. Anne further honoured Churchill, after his leadership in the victories against the French of 13 August 1704 near the village of Blenheim (German Blindheim) on the river Danube (Battle of Blenheim), by granting him the royal manor of Woodstock, and building him a house at her own expense to be called Blenheim. Construction started in 1705 and the house was completed in 1722, the year of his death. Blenheim Palace remains the Marlborough ducal seat.

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