E. H. Shepard

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Ernest Howard Shepard (10 December 1879 – 24 March 1976) was an English artist and book illustrator. He was known especially for his human-like animals in illustrations for The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame and Winnie-the-Pooh by A. A. Milne.



Shepard was born in St. John's Wood, London. Having shown some promise in drawing at St. Paul's School, Shepard enrolled in Heatherleys School of Fine Art in Chelsea.[1] Having spent a productive year there, Shepard won a scholarship to the Royal Academy Schools [2] where he would meet Florence Eleanor Chaplin who would become his first wife.[3] By 1906 Shepard had become a successful illustrator, having produced work for illustrated editions of Aesop's Fables, David Copperfield, and Tom Brown's Schooldays. This same year his first illustration for Punch was published.[4]

In 1915, Shepard received a commission in the Royal Artillery.[5] By 1916 Shepard started working for the Intelligence Department sketching the combat area within the view of his battery position.[6] In 1918 he was awarded the Military Cross for his service in World War I.[7]

Throughout the war he had been contributing to Punch. He was hired as a regular staff cartoonist in 1921 and became lead cartoonist in 1945 but was removed from this post by Malcolm Muggeridge, who became editor in 1953.

Shepard was recommended to Milne by another Punch staffer, E. V. Lucas in 1923. Initially, Milne thought Shepard's style was not what he wanted, but used him to illustrate his book of poems When We Were Very Young. Happy with the results, Milne insisted Shepard illustrate Winnie-the-Pooh. Realising his illustrator's contribution to the book's success, Milne arranged for Shepard to receive a share of his royalties. Milne also inscribed a copy of Winnie-the-Pooh with the following personal verse:[8]

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