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{war, force, army}
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ETA or Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, (English: Basque Homeland and Freedom; pronounced [ˈeta]), is an armed Basque nationalist and separatist organization. The group was founded in 1959 and has since evolved from a group promoting traditional Basque culture to a paramilitary group with the goal of gaining independence for the Greater Basque Country from a Marxist-Leninist perspective.[3][4] ETA is the main organisation of the Basque National Liberation Movement and is the most important participant in the Basque Conflict.

ETA's motto is Bietan jarrai ("Keep up on both"), referring to the two figures in its symbol, a snake (representing politics) wrapped around an axe (representing armed struggle).[5][6][7]

Since 1960, ETA has killed 858 individuals, injured 1230 and undertaken 77 kidnappings.[8][9][10] The group is proscribed as a terrorist organization by the Spanish and French[11] authorities, as well as the European Union as a whole,[12] and the United States.[13] This convention is followed by a plurality of domestic and international media, which also refer to the group as "terrorists".[14][15][16][17] More than 700 members of the organization are incarcerated in prisons in Spain, France, and other countries.[18]

On 5 September 2010 ETA declared a ceasefire.[19]


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