Eagle, Alaska

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Eagle is a city located along the United States-Canada border in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska, United States. It includes Eagle Historic District, a U.S. National Historic Landmark. The population was 129 at the 2000 census. Every February, Eagle hosts a checkpoint for the long-distance Yukon Quest sled dog race.

Contents

Geography

Eagle is located at 64°47′10″N 141°12′0″W / 64.78611°N 141.2°W / 64.78611; -141.2 (64.786022, -141.199917)[2].

Eagle is located 8 miles (13 km) west of the border between Alaska and the Yukon Territory of Canada on the Taylor Highway.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km²), all land.

History

The Eagle area has been the historical home to Han people since before the arrival of Europeans in Alaska.

The first structure in present-day Eagle was a log-trading post called "Belle Isle," built around 1874.

In the late 1800s, Eagle became a supply and trading center for miners working the upper Yukon River and its tributaries. By 1898, its population had exceeded 1,700. In 1901 Eagle was the first incorporated city in the Alaska Interior. It was named after the eagles that nested on nearby Eagle Bluff. A United States Army camp, Fort Egbert, was built at Eagle in 1900. A telegraph line between Eagle and Valdez was completed in 1903.

The gold rushes in Nome and Fairbanks lured people away from Eagle. Judge Wickersham moved his court from Eagle to Fairbanks in 1903. By 1910, Eagle's population had declined to its present-day level (below 200 people). Fort Egbert was abandoned in 1911.

Present-day Eagle is home to mostly people of European descent, but Eagle Village has a small population that is about 50 percent Han.

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