Earth Summit 2002

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Earthlife Africa | Cape Town Ecology Group | Koeberg Alert
EThekwini_ECOPEACE | Endangered Wildlife Trust | Wildlife & Environment Society
Groundwork| Dolphin Action & Protection Group

South African National Conference on Environment & Development
World Summit on Sustainable Development

Template:South African Environment

The World Summit on Sustainable Development, WSSD or Earth Summit 2002 took place in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 26 August to 4 September 2002. It was convened to discuss sustainable development by the United Nations. WSSD gathered a number of leaders from business and non-governmental organizations, 10 years after the first Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. (It was therefore also informally nicknamed "Rio+10".)



The Johannesburg Declaration was the main outcome of the Summit; however, there were several other international agreements. [1]

It laid out the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation as an action plan. [2]


Johannesburg, 27 August: agreement was made to restore the world's depleted fisheries for 2015. It was agreed to by negotiators at the World Summit.

But the process proceeded slowly and full of ironies. Protesters outside were having fun, even dancing, whilst demanding food, work and a better environment. Annette Cotter said: "If the people who were marching today were inside the meeting room representing our planet, there'd be laughter, fun, dancing, and real action."

Partnership Initiatives

Instead of new agreements between governments, the Earth Summit was organized mostly around almost 300 "partnership initiatives" known as Type II, as opposed to Type I Parnterships which are the more classic outcome of international treaties. These were to be the key means to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. These are kept in a database of Partnerships for Sustainable Development. [3]

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