Eastern Bloc

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Eastern Bloc refers to the former Communist states of Eastern and Central Europe, especially the Soviet Union and its satellites in the Warsaw Pact.[1][2][3] Prior to 1948, sources referred to Yugoslavia as part of the Eastern Bloc, though many considered it no longer a part after Yugoslavia broke with Soviet policy in the Tito-Stalin split. Likewise, Albania may be considered not included after aligning with the People's Republic of China in the 1960 Sino-Soviet split. The terms Communist Bloc and Soviet Bloc are also used to denote the regimes aligned with the former Soviet Union, although these terms may be used to imply the inclusion of regimes in the Soviet sphere of influence outside Central and Eastern Europe.

Communist governments were initially installed in a bloc politics process that included extensive political and media controls, along with the Soviet approach to restricting emigration. Events such as the Tito-Stalin split and Berlin Blockade prompted stricter control from Moscow. While the Bloc persisted through revolts including the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and the aftermath of the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, its command economies experienced inefficiency and stagnation preceding the Bloc's dissolution.


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