Economy of Hong Kong

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    Identity
        Hong Kong Dollar
          Banknotes
          Coins
        Monetary Authority
        Four Asian Tigers

    Resources
        Employment   Transport
        Tourism          Postal
        Agri/Aqua       Ports
       Manufacturing

    Companies
        Stock Exchange  GEM
        Companies listed on HKSE

Hong Kong has remained as the world's freest economy, according to Index of Economic Freedom since the inception of the index in 1995.[3] The economy, governed under Positive non-interventionism, is highly dependent on international trade and finance and in 2009 the real economic growth fell by 2.8% as a result of the global financial turmoil. Despite the downturn, Hong Kong’s economic strengths, including a sound banking system, virtually no public debt, a strong legal system, ample foreign exchange reserves, a rigorously anti-corruption measures and close ties with the mainland China, enable it to quickly respond to changing circumstances.[4]

Hong Kong's gross domestic product, between 1961 and 1997, has grown 180 times while per capita GDP rose by 87 times.[5] Its economy size is slightly bigger than Israel and Czech Republic[6][7][8] and its GDP per capita at purchasing power parity is the 7th highest globally, more than Switzerland and Netherlands and slightly lower than the United States.

By the late 20th century, Hong Kong was the seventh largest port in the world and second only to New York and Rotterdam in terms of container throughput. The Kwai Chung container complex was the largest in Asia; while Hong Kong shipping owners were second only to those of Greece in terms of total tonnage holdings. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the 6th largest in the world, with a market capitalisation of about US$2.97 trillion.

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