Economy of Iceland

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{government, party, election}
{rate, high, increase}
{island, water, area}
{area, community, home}
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{water, park, boat}
{acid, form, water}
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The economy of Iceland is small and subject to high volatility. In 2007, gross domestic product was US$12.144bn in total and $38,400 per capita, based on purchasing power parity (PPP) estimates.[3] The financial crisis of 2007–2010 has produced a decline in GDP and employment, although the magnitude of this decline remains to be determined.

Iceland has a mixed economy with high levels of free trade and government intervention. However, government consumption is less than in other Nordic countries.

In the 1990s, Iceland commenced extensive free market reforms, which initially produced strong economic growth. As a result, Iceland was rated as having some of the world's highest levels of economic freedom[4] as well as civil freedoms. As of 2007, Iceland scored highest in the world in terms of the Human Development Index[5] and one of the most egalitarian, according to the calculation provided by the Gini coefficient.[6]

From 2006 onwards, the economy faced problems of growing inflation and current account deficits. Partly in response, and partly as a result of earlier reforms, the financial system expanded rapidly before collapsing entirely in a sweeping financial crisis. Iceland had to obtain emergency funding from the International Monetary Fund and a range of European countries in November 2008.


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