Edward, the Black Prince

related topics
{son, year, death}
{church, century, christian}
{war, force, army}
{theory, work, human}
{@card@, make, design}
{black, white, people}
{rate, high, increase}
{town, population, incorporate}

Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, Prince of Aquitaine, KG (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376) was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, and father to King Richard II of England.

He was called Edward of Woodstock in his early life, after his birthplace, and has more recently been popularly known as the Black Prince. An exceptional military leader, his victories over the French at Crécy and Poitiers made him very popular during his life. In 1348 he became the first Knight of the Garter, of whose Order he was one of the founders.

Edward died one year before his father, becoming the first English Prince of Wales not to become King of England. The throne passed, instead, to his son Richard II, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.



Edward was born on 15 June 1330 at Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire. He was created Earl of Chester on 18 May 1333, Duke of Cornwall on 3 March 1337 (the first creation of an English duke) and finally invested as Prince of Wales on 12 May 1343 when he was almost thirteen years old. In England, Edward served as a symbolic regent for periods in 1339, 1340, and 1342 while Edward III was on campaign. He was expected to attend all council meetings, and he performed the negotiations with the papacy about the war in 1337.

Full article ▸

related documents
Theodore Beza
Władysław I Herman
Æthelred of Mercia
Władysław III of Poland
Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor
Philip IV of France
Vittoria Colonna
James I of Scotland
Henry the Fowler
Charles III of Spain
Maria Theresa of Austria
Lambert Simnel
Chlothar II
John III of Sweden
Jaroslav Hašek
Baldwin III of Jerusalem
Frederick I of Württemberg
House of Lancaster
Manuel I of Portugal
Alfonso XII of Spain
Philip IV of Spain
David Rizzio
Earl of Albemarle
Valentinian II
Gustaf V of Sweden
Empress Genshō
Margaret of York
Charles IV of Spain
Emma of Normandy